Philosophy of Sport

Philosophers have analyzed different aspects of sport, focusing on both its social and psychological dimensions. Their contributions include a critical understanding of what makes a sport appealing to participants and a system of comparable measures for teams and individuals. The two main strands of philosophy on the subject are the internalist and externalist theories. Externalist theories draw largely from structuralism and Marxism. William J. Morgan has defined three types of externalist theories: commodification, social justice, and value-neutral.


In order to make a sport legitimate, the rules must be followed. The principles of fair play and a fair competition are the cornerstones of sport. The application of these principles allows for a consistent adjudication of winners. In competitive sports, winning is often determined by objective and subjective measures of performance. However, in many cases, the winning criteria is based on subjective and objective measures of a player’s skill. Thus, a person’s performance in a sport cannot be compared to the performance of a competitor.

The study of sport’s aesthetics has spawned several new fields of scholarship. One such area is the aesthetics of sport. Aesthetics in sport focuses on the aesthetics of the experience, and how it affects spectators. The study of a sport’s social and aesthetic qualities is also vital for the understanding of the human condition. Whether it is a sports event or a performance, there are numerous ways to view a sport.

Regardless of its disciplinary definition, sport involves some form of competition or conflict between an individual or a team. Usually, the game ends with a winner or a loser. As such, it fosters a competitive nature in individuals and communities. And, while there are no absolute rules or regulations, it is possible to define the best sport. So, let’s look at the history of sports. In the medieval era, it was also a popular form of Christian imagery. Augustine described the apostle Paul as an ‘athlete of Christ’ in his City of God, and Thomas Aquinas advocated cultivating the body and soul.

Regardless of the level of competition, sport is defined as physical activity in which the participants exert effort. The goal of the game is to improve the physical condition of all participants. The spirit of sport is expressed through the spirit of teamwork and mutual respect between teammates. It is the most important aspect of the modern sporting world. Almost all sports have some form of governing bodies, but all of them are regulated by rules. And, as they have their own definitions, many of them fall under the category of “social” sports.

According to Michael Brown, “sport is any activity where human beings compete with others. Some sports involve’social sports’ and are governed by laws of the land. Broad internalists believe that sport is an ideal of justice, and are therefore intrinsic to the culture of a society. Moreover, sport has many aspects that can be defined differently. The governing body of a particular country has its own rules, and a different nation’s law applies to every individual’s race.